Today in history: October 22, 1836
Sam Houston was inaugurated as the first President of the Republic of Texas after gaining independence during the Texas Revolution.
Formed as a break-away republic from Mexico, the Republic of Texas claimed borders that encompassed an area that included all of the present state of Texas, as well as parts of present-day New Mexico, Oklahoma, Kansas, Colorado, and Wyoming. The Republic of Texas had a bicameral system, with a Constitution that allowed the first president to serve for only two years, and set a three year term for all later presidents.
In 1845, United States President John Tyler signed a bill that authorized the annexation of the Republic of Texas. One of the motivating factors of the Republic’s accepting the annex was United State’s assumption of their debts.